Regular maintenance of your bathroom sink and countertop prevents any buildup of grease and grime, which in turn keeps the sink and counter free of blockages. Regular cleaning of the sink and countertop begins with removing any debris from the sink and countertop by vacuuming the sink and counter top daily. Then remove any trash from the counter top every week.
Next, check the drain pipe for blockages. If you see any clogs, then replace the drain or repair the drain. You can use your kitchen hand-sink to remove the clog from the sink drain by using a soft cotton rag, plunger or a sponge.
After removing the clogged drain pipe, rinse the sink and counter top using hot water and mild soap or detergent. Use warm water to clean all the surfaces including the backsplash, floor, baseboards and counter top. Wipe away any soap or detergent residue with a dry cloth. Rinse the surface thoroughly with cold water. Allow the surface to dry completely before putting on dry cloths.
When rinsing out the drains after cleaning the sink and counter top, make sure the drain is clear of any blockage. It is better to use a plunger to clear the blockage instead of pushing it with your hands. You may also use a brush attachment of your vacuum cleaner to dislodge the blockage.
If you notice some small holes on the wall, these can be repaired by adding more wall plugs to the drain pipes. However, if holes are not visible then there is no need to repair them. The holes are usually caused by the backing of the clog that cannot be seen. You can simply push it back out with the plunger or sponge.
Regularly clean the sink drain with a damp mop or with a sponge. Don’t use a damp cloth to clean out the drain as it can scratch the porcelain or the insides of the drain pipe. Use a soft bristled toothbrush dipped in warm soapy water to clean out the sink drains. Avoid using harsh chemicals or cleaning agents as they can damage the sink’s porcelain and reduce the life of the plumbing. as well as cause problems with the clogging of the sink drain.
When the sink drain is full, you can add more drain cleaner into the drain to clear away any food particles. The drain cleaner can be added to the sink by dipping a paper towel into a drain cleaner solution. It’s recommended to mix up two parts drain cleaner with one part of bleach. to make sure it will not affect the porcelain of the sink.
After rinsing out the sink drain, you can fill the sink with water and then flush the drain with hot water and soap to get rid of any soap or detergent residue. Finally, fill the sink with water and allow it to stand for about twenty minutes before replacing the drain plug. You will see an improvement in the sink and counter top in about a week.
It is important to use drain plugs that are made from high quality materials such as copper and brass. These types of drain plugs are known to last longer than other types of drain plugs.
The drain plugs must be replaced regularly. You have to remember that the best way to check whether your drain is clogged or not is to look for an obstruction in the sink or in the counter top. If you find any obstruction, remove the sink drain plug and check for a hole in the drain pipe.
If the drain does not appear to be blocked, you should continue to do the above steps until you are able to unplug the drain and see the clog in the pipe. This process may take several times. You should make sure that the drain is unclogged and then reinsert the drain plug, clean and replace the drain plug and then flush and rinse thoroughly.
When the sink is clean and drained you should add the drain plug and allow it to dry. It is important to note that not all sink drain clogs need to be repaired. However, most sink clogs do require a professional plumbing service.
Although it’s easy to reach for a commercial drain cleaner when your bathroom drains are sluggish, you should avoid these caustic or acidic products for several reasons. They damage your pipes, they pollute, and, if they don’t work, they create a hazard for anyone who has to take apart the pipes. Instead, use a safer, more effective way to clear your drains. Plunging works better than you might think, if you do it properly, but if plunging isn’t your thing, P-traps are easy to disassemble. Moreover, a variety of household chemicals can double as drain cleaners.
Close the stopper and fill the sink or tub with 2 inches of water; block the overflow holes around the sink rim or tub stopper with duct tape. Pull the stopper and immediately fit a plunger securely around the drain and pump several times. You’ll be pumping incompressible water — not air — through the pipes, and not out through the overflow holes. Only the most persistent blockages will resist your efforts.
Pour 1 cup of baking soda down a slow-moving drain and follow that with 2 to 3 cups of boiling water. If the drain is still moving slowly, pour in a cup of washing soda, let it work for about 30 minutes, then repeat the baking soda treatment.
Create a fizzing action in the drain by adding a cup of white vinegar after you do the baking soda treatment. Vinegar is a mild acid that complements the caustic action of baking soda.
Clean the P-trap, the curved pipe under the sink, if you don’t have any luck with the baking soda and vinegar treatments. It may have a clean-out nut on the bottom that you can remove with adjustable pliers, but if not, it”s easy to disassemble. You can usually unscrew the nuts on either end of it by hand, but if not, use adjustable pliers.
Pour the water in the trap into a bucket and pull out all the hair and debris. Reach into the tailpiece, which is the pipe extending down from the sink, and pull debris out of it as well.
Clean out the waste pipe with a sink auger if you suspect the blockage is beyond the P-trap. Insert the auger into the waste opening and push it in until it stops. Crank the handle to work the head through the obstruction.
Fit the trap back onto the pipes from which you removed it and tighten the nuts by hand. Fill the sink, then open the drain and watch for leaks from the trap. If you see any, tighten the nut with pliers.
How to Repair & Replace the Drain Pipes on a Bathroom Sink
You probably haven’t spent a lot of time thinking about your bathroom sink drain pipe. It’s just one of those things, hidden away, that serves its purpose with little attention. And then, one day, it happens. Your sink drain leaks, or it breaks. Perhaps the water is backing up in your sink, and you know it’s clogged. Even if you’ve never touched a pipe in your life, you can repair and replace the drain pipes on a bathroom sink. Just set aside an hour or so when you can concentrate on your work.
Point a bright light at the sink plumbing. Turn the water on and watch the pipes beneath the sink. Grab each connection in turn with a fresh paper towel and hold a few seconds to determine where the drain is leaking.
Inspect the leaking area carefully to determine if a fitting is loose and causing a drip. Tighten loose couplings to eliminate the moisture. If the coupling seems snug but the leak continues, unscrew the coupling to detach the joint. Clean the pipe threads, on either end, with a clean cloth. Replace old gaskets and fittings before reassembling.
Loosen the nut that secures the sink basket underneath the basin. Use a wrench to break free stubborn connections. Insert a screwdriver or pliers through the cross-piece, working from the top of the sink. Use the tool to hold the basin in place while you remove the nut underneath.
Strip off the old gasket putty around the installation area. Scrub the opening on both the bottom and the top of the sink with a stiff-bristled brush. Rinse with hot, soapy water.
Peel off the backing on the sticky side of a replacement sink basket gasket. Center the gasket directly over the sink’s drain hole before pressing in place. Follow with the sink basket, ensuring it is where you want it before you set it to prevent ruining the seal.
Push a new washer, followed by a nut, on the sink basket piece that drops below the sink. Squirt or spread plumber’s putty or another approved sink sealant over the threads. Attach the drain connection, hand-tightening only. Test your drain with a little water before removing the bucket underneath the sink.
Turn off the water, and clear the area under the sink to prepare to replace your current drain pipes. Move a light close to the area to illuminate your work. Set a bucket under the P-trap.
Loosen and remove the couplings on either end of the P-trap. Support the assembly and carefully lower before dumping the waste water into the bucket.
Clean the pipe threads on the sink drain piece hanging down from the sink and on the pipe emerging from the main drain pipe in the wall. Scrub with a stiff-bristled brush and hot, soapy water. Follow with a clean rag to remove residue.
Assemble a new P-trap kit. Insert washers and gaskets where instructed. Raise the trap into place, underneath the sink. Tighten the couplings on either end to secure the trap. Run water through the pipes carefully before removing the bucket and replacing the items previously removed from under your sink.